Interview as a method of gathering information: strategy of concerns paper writer
It is important to tell apart interviews as an approach of collecting interviewing and information as being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two other ways are:
- observation, as soon as the researcher himself is an eyewitness associated with the occasion,
- dealing with papers, where in actuality the document means any material carrier containing texts and pictures.
Forms of interviews and their purpose
Interviews as an approach of data gathering in change are split into:
- genre (for preparation of text within the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to spot the characteristics of an individual, then to reflect them when you look at the text).
The reportage interview ended up being talked about into the previous chapter. Concerning the investigative shall find out into the chapter on information retrieval. The theme for this chapter is meeting as a genre, being a method of text formatting in the shape of questions from the interviewer additionally the responses of this interlocutor. During the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where the range concerns of this researcher is minimized (they generally are not any at all), in the other pole – a discussion, if the journalist not only asks questions, but additionally speaks much with long arguments.
The fact the meeting is a conversation, suggests concerning the same number of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion can be carried out by way of a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so the viewpoint with this journalist has also been interesting to readers, whilst the viewpoint associated with interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.
Types of interviews with respect to the subject. Subject interview
With respect to the topic, there are three types of interviews:
Subject of the interview that is subject their state of things in just about any field of activity. Often this might be an meeting with an expert, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting into the journalist just as much as he’s linked to this situation. For instance, a police informs simple tips to protect a condo from thieves. A doctor describes simple tips to protect yourself from the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis is likely to be in the exchange. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on conditions that deviate from the meeting subject, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.
The dwelling regarding the interview that is subject of three components. First, they show the interlocutor’s experience of the subject. Then there is certainly a parsing regarding the topic for the intended purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The interview that is subject using the streamlining of that which was said, summarizing, practical recommendations to visitors.
The hero associated with the interview that is subject be an eyewitness or participant in case. This is certainly information interview, one of several news genres. The job associated with journalist is always to learn whenever possible the main points and details of what occurred. Such as the way it is of an expert, the interlocutor’s interaction with all the subject is first shown, then your subject is deepened, therefore the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened in addition to conclusions that the interlocutor made.